Unidad 2: De compras y la ropa

8. ¡Los gustos y los disgustos!

With your foundation of vocabulary related to clothing and descriptions, you can apply opinions to your conversations about what you encounter when shopping and day to day events. We have used “Ser” with cognates and expressions such as “es importante” or “es interesante,” but there are other ways to indicate opinions and to provide more emphasis on whose opinions they are using verbs like gustar.

Observe the powerpoint Notes 2.2.3 explaining the verbs that work like gustar and complete the notes below.

La estructura GUSTAR 

Fill in the notes based on what you read in the PowerPoint.

Gustar means: ___________________

If one thing pleases you use: _______________________

If one or more activity (VERBS) pleases you, use: _______________

If more than one thing pleases you, use: _____________________

How to form sentences (declarative, exclamatory or interrogative) with gustar and verbs like gustar. Generally, the formula for the three types of sentences placement is: ______________________________________________

¿Qué recuerdas de los complementos indirectos?

  1. They answer the questions ____________________
  2. They are placed ___________________________
  3. They are: _______ to me _______ to us

_______ to you _______ to all of you (Spain)

_______ to him, her, you (formal) _______ to them, to you all, to you (formal)

Adding emphasis or clarity to the gustar statements

You learned the indirect object pronouns above and saw in the examples that we added emphasis by stating “to me”, “to us” or “to Anita.”

When you use “le” or “les” you do not know exactly to whom something is pleasing so you may opt to add the preposition “a” meaning to and then the name of the person.

A Teodoro, le gustan los trenes.

A Silvia, le gusta el perro.

The preposition “a” before the name of the person is called the personal “a,” as you can imagine it is called this because it is used before the name of a person when referring to a direct object as part of the predicate of the sentence.

Escribe la forma correcta del verbo gustar en el presente indicativo:

  1. A mí, me __________ las chanclas.
  2. A ti, te __________ la corbata
  3. A Luisa, le __________ cambiar su ropa.
  4. A nosotros, nos _________ el conjunto
  5. A vosotras, os __________ las faldas y los sombreros
  6. A Carmen y a Rosa, les _________ la selección de los trajes de baño.

How does one ask what someone likes? Generally singular gusta is used but you may use gustan.

What do you like? _____________________________

Which do you like? ____________________________

Otros verbos que siguen la estructura GUSTAR: Sigue el ejemplo y escribe los verbos en el presente del modo indicativo.

Español Inglés Singular Multiple
Disgustar To dislike Disgusta Disgustan
Doler (o-ue) To hurt
Molestar To bother
Importar To be of importance, to matter
Interesar To be of interest
Fascinar To be fascinated by
Aburrir To bore
Faltar To miss, lack
Encantar To really like or be pleasing

Unas preguntas—practica los verbos que funcionan como gustar. Contesta las preguntas con oraciones completas y con detalles.

  1. ¿Qué te gusta hacer? _______________________________
  2. ¿Qué te gusta mirar? ______________________________
  3. ¿Qué te interesa de tu universidad? _________________________
  4. ¿Qué te molesta de tu universidad? ________________________
  5. ¿Qué te falta de casa? _________________________________
  6. Alguna vez, ¿te falta la tarea? ____________________________
  7. ¿Algo te duele hoy? __________________________________
  8. ¿Qué tipo de ropa te encanta? ____________________________
  9. ¿Qué tipo de ropa te molesta? ______________________________
  10. ¿Cuál tela te disgusta? _____________________________
  11. ¿Cuál tela te parece cómoda? ___________________________
  12. ¿Hay un período en la historia que te fascina? ____________________
  13. ¿Qué es lo que más te importa? __________________________


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Yo puedo: segundos pasos Copyright © by Elizabeth Silvaggio-Adams & Ma. Del Rocío Vallejo-Alegre is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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