Unidad 2: De compras y la ropa
In Unit 1 we reviewed the Spanish alphabet and phonetic rules for application in speech and writing where the syllabic division is a key factor in having control of our pronunciation and correct spelling. Now we are going to delve deeper into the Spanish orthographic rules. As you know all words have a stressed syllable in Spanish. The stressed syllable or “sílaba tónica” is the one that is pronounced the loudest. The rules to know which is the stressed syllable are as follows:
Words ending in vowel, n, or s are stressed on the next to the last syllable: ca-ma, li-mo-na-da.
Words ending in any consonant except, n, or s are stressed in the last syllable: doc-tor, a-mor.
When rules number one or two above are not followed, is when we use the written accent (acento ortográfico). The name of this written accent is the orthographic accent. A-vión, ja-bón. Each time that you learn a new word, learn correctly how to spell it with el acento ortográfico apropiado.
Written accents (el acento diacrítico) are also used to differentiate between words that are pronounced the same but have different meaning: sí vs si, tú vs tu, él vs el.
¡No me GUSTAN los acentos!