Cinematography Assignment

The following photos are similar to certain cinematography shots. Answer the questions that are posed in the captions.

What type of shot is this? When and what type of movie would use a shot like this?
What type of shot is this? When would you use this type of shot?
What type of shot is this? When would you use this type of shot?
What type of shot is this? When would you use this type of shot?

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